Development of Assessment Instruments for Physics Problem Solving Skill in Accordance with Polya’s Stages

Johan Syahbrudin


This study aims to develop instruments measuring the ability to solve physics problems on the subject of high school gas kinetic theory based on Polya stages. This research is a research & development study using the 4D development model. Internal trials were conducted on 2 experts and 1 learning practitioner, while empirical trials were conducted on 81 students. Internal trial data were obtained through questionnaires and analyzed using descriptive analysis techniques, while empirical test results were obtained through test techniques and analyzed following the Rasch Model (RM) using the QUEST program. The results showed that at the internal test stage all items were stated to be very good in measuring the ability of solving physical problems. Empirical test results, as many as 5 out of 5 items were declared fit, with instrument reliability of 0.63 (high category). The level of difficulty of the items varies, some are easy and difficult. And the distinguishing power of all items included in either category. Thus, 5 test instruments developed were stated to meet the requirements and were appropriate to be used to measure the ability of solving physical problems based on Polya's stages.

Full Text:



Adams, R. J., & Khoo, S.-T. (1996). Quest: The interactive test analysis system version 2.1. Victoria: Australian Council for Educational Research.

Alfika, Z. A., & Mayasari, T. (2018). Profil Kemampuan Memecahkan Masalah Pelajaran Fisika Siswa MTs. Prosiding Seminar Nasional Quantum, 25, 583–589.

Arikunto, S. (2012). Dasar-dasar Evaluasi Pendidikan (2nd ed.). Jakarta: Bumi Aksara.

Asysyifa, D. S., Jumadi, Wilujeng, I., & Kuswanto, H. (2019). Analysis of Students Critical Thinking Skills Using Partial Credit Models (PCM) in Physics Learning. International Journal of Educational Research Review, 4(2), 245–253.

Azwar, S. (2013). Tes Prestasi. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar.

Baiduri. (2015). Pengaruh Tahapan Polya dalam Pemecahan Masalah terhadap Ketuntasan Belajar Geometri Siswa Sekolah Menengah Pertama. Jurnal Pendidikan Matematika, 6(1), 41–48.

Boonjeam, W., Tesaputa, K., & Sri-ampai, A. (2017). Program Development for Primary School Teachers’ Critical Thinking. International Education Studies, 10(2), 131–138.

Erfianti, L., Istiyono, E., & Kuswanto, H. (2019). Developing Lup Instrument Test to Measure Higher Order Thinking Skills (HOTS) Bloomian for Senior High School Students. International Journal of Educational Research Review, 4(3), 320–329.

Istiyono, E., Mustakim, S. S., Widihastuti, Suranto, & Mukti, T. S. (2019). Measurement of physics problem-solving skills in female and male students by phystepross. Jurnal Pendidikan IPA Indonesia, 8(2), 170–176.

Istiyono, Edi, Mardapi, D., & Suparno. (2014). Pengembangan Tes Kemampuan Berpikir Tingkat Tinggi Fisika (PysTHOTS) Peserta Didik SMA. Jurnal Penelitian Dan Evaluasi Pendidikan, 18(1), 1–12.

Kemendikbud. (2016). Permendikbud Nomor 24 Tahun 2016 tentang Standar Kompetensi Inti dan Kompetensi Dasar. Jakarta: Kementerian Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan.

Mustofa, M. H., & Rusdiana, D. (2016). Profil Kemampuan Pemecahan Masalah Siswa pada Pembelajaran Gerak Lurus. Jurnal Penelitian & Pengembangan Pendidikan Fisika, 02(2), 15–22.

Polya, G. (1957). Polya How To Solve It: A New Aspect of Mathematical Method (2nd ed.). New York: Princeton University Press.

Rusman. (2012). Model-model Pembelajaran: Mengembangkan Profesionalisme Guru (2nd ed.). Jakarta: PT Rajagrafindo Persada.

Thiagarajan, S. S. (1974). Instructional Development for Training Teacher of Exeptional Children. Minnesota: Indiana University.

Widoyoko, S., & Putro, E. (2016). Teknik Penyusunan Instrumen Penelitian. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2019

  Lisensi Creative Commons
Copyright of the article is reserved by the authors. Published by the Program Studi S1 Pendidikan Fisika, FKIP, Universitas Lampung in collaboration with the Physical Society of Indonesia (since 2019).  This article is an open-access article under the Creative Commons non-commercial-share-alike 4.0 International License (CC BY-NC-SA 4.0).  license.