Filipino Science Teachers’ Needs, Challenges, and Practices in the New Normal

Homobono Cabrera Tijap, Jerome Esco Malamdag, Princess Margaret Golla Paz, Alfons Jayson Orbase Pelgone


Abstract: This survey research involving 464 Filipino Science teachers determined the needs, challenges and practices in teaching and learning in the new normal. The collected data gathered showed that the science teachers  needed (a) upskilling and reskilling in content-based knowledge and teaching strategies applicable to several identified challenging science topics in this new normal; (b) continuous training on the use of varied online platforms; (c) capacity building on the use of software and digital science activities applications; (d) a further enhancement in the following teaching related activities such as  creating online assessments, online instructional modules, online class management, online teaching strategies, implementing online netiquette, and crafting the individual learning monitoring plan. The study further recommends rolling out this survey further in the Visayas and Mindanao regions and contextualize this survey for other content subject areas.

Keywords: assessment, curriculum, instruction, new normal, science education.


Abstrak: Penelitian survei yang melibatkan 464 guru IPA Filipina ini bertujuan untuk menentukan kebutuhan, tantangan, dan praktik dalam proses belajar mengajar di era new normal. Data yang dikumpulkan menunjukkan bahwa guru sains membutuhkan (a) peningkatan keterampilan dan keterampilan ulang dalam pengetahuan berbasis konten dan strategi pengajaran yang dapat diaplikasikan untuk beberapa topik sains dalam kondisi normal baru ini; (b) pelatihan berkelanjutan tentang penggunaan berbagai platform online; (c) peningkatan kapasitas penggunaan perangkat lunak dan aplikasi-aplikasi aktivitas ilmu digital; (d) peningkatan lebih lanjut dalam kegiatan pengajaran seperti membuat penilaian online, modul instruksional online, manajemen kelas online, strategi pengajaran online, menerapkan netiket online, dan menyusun rencana pemantauan pembelajaran individu. Studi lebih lanjut dibutuhkan untuk survei lebih lanjut di wilayah Visayas dan Mindanao dan mengontekstualisasikan survei ini untuk bidang subjek konten lainnya.

Kata kunci: asesmen, kurikulum, pengajaran, normal baru, Pendidikan IPA.



Full Text:



Abdelhafez, A. (2021). Digitizing Teacher Education and Professional Development during the COVID-19 Pandemic. Academia Letters, 1-7. doi:10.20935/AL295.

Acosta, I., & Acosta, A. S. (2016). Teachers' Perceptions on Senior High School Readiness of Higher Education Institutions in the Philippines. Universal Journal of Educational Research, IV(10), 2435-2450. doi:10.13189/ujer.2016.041024

Ajredini, F., Izairi, N., & Zajkov, O. (2013). Real Experiments versus Phet Simulations for Better High-School Students’ Understanding of Electrostatic Charging. European Journal of Physics Education, V(1), 59-70.

Al-Azawi, R., Al-Faliti, F., & Al-Blushi, M. (2016). Educational Gamification Vs. Game Based Learning: Comparative Study. International Journal of Innovation, Management and Technology, VII(4), 132-136. doi:10.18178/ijimt.2016.7.4.659

Alipio, M. M. (2020). Education during COVID-19 era: Are learners in a Less-Economically Developed Country Ready for e-Learning? ZBW - Leibriz Information Center for Economics, 1-16. doi:10.2139/ssrn.3586911

Ancheta, R. F., & Ancheta, H. B. (2020). The New Normal in Education: A Challenge to the Private Basic Education Institutions in the Philippines. International Journal of Educational Management and Development Studies, I(1), 1-19. doi:

Ancho, I. V., & Arrieta, G. S. (2021). Filipino Teacher Professional Development in the New Normal. Education and Self Development, XVI(3), 25-43. doi:10.26907/esd.16.3.04

APPA. (2020). 2020 APPA Thought Leaders Series: Preparing for the Student of 2024. Virginia: APPA Leadership in Education Facilities.

Aquino, B. S. (2013). Republic Act No. 10533. Manila: Official Gazette.

Aranda, Y., Diaz, R., Sombilon, M., & Gicana, C. F. (2019). Integrating Strategic Intervention Materials (SIM) in Science to Low Achieving Learners. Journal of Science Teachers and Educators, II(1), 1-9.

Arcilla, J. (2020). DepEd releases simplified curriculum. Retrieved from The Manila Times: Looking beyond the pandemic endgame:

Arrieta, G. S., Dancel, J. C., & Agbisit, M. P. (2020). Teaching Science in The New Normal: Understanding The Experiences of Junior High School Science Teachers. Jurnal Pendidikan MIPA, XXI(2), 146-162. doi:10.23960/jpmipa/v21i2

Astutik, S., & Prahani, B. K. (2018). The Practicality and Effectiveness of Collaborative Creativity Learning (CCL) Model by Using PhET Simulation to Increase Students’ Scientific Creativity. International Journal of Instruction, 409-424.

Balderas, C. B. (2020). Division Memorandum. Dasmarinas: City Schools Division of Dasmarinas.

Bates, C. C., & Morgan, D. N. (2018). Seven Elements of Effective Professional Development. The Reading Teacher, LXXI(5), 623-626. doi:10.1002/trtr.1674

Batuyong, C. T., & Antonio, V. V. (2018). Exploring the Effect of PhET® Interactive Simulation-Based Activities on Students’ Performance and Learning Experiences in Electromagnetism. Asia Pacific Journal of Multidisciplinary Research, VI(2), 121-131.

Bennett, R. E., Durrence, D., Feuer, M., Gopalakrishnan, A., Hartel, E., Hughes, G., . . . Verges, V. (2021). Educational Assessment in the COVID-19 Era and Beyond. Washington DC: National Academy of Education.

Boyarsky, K. (2020). What Is Hybrid Learning? Here's Everything You Need to Know. Owl Labs. Retrieved from,video%20conferencing%20hardware%20and%20software.

Briones, L. M. (2020, March 15). DepEd Memorandum No. 042 s. 2020 Guidelines for the Remainder of School Year 2019-2020 in Light of COVID-19 Measures. Retrieved from Department of Education:

Briones, L. M. (2020). DepEd Order No. 007 s. 2020 School Calendar and Activities for School Year 2020-2021. Department of Education, 1-16.

Briones, L. M. (2020). DepEd Order No. 031, s. 2020. Pasig City: Department of Education.

Briones, L. M. (2020). DepEd Order No. 12, s. 2020. Pasig City: Department of Education.

Briones, L. M. (2021). DepEd Memorandum No. 085, s. 2021: Preparation for the Implementation of the Expanded Phase of Face-to-Face Classes. Department of Education, 1-3.

Briones, L. M. (2021). Learning Oppotunities Shall Be Available: The Basic Education Learning Continuity Plan in the Time of COVID-19. Pasig City: Department of Education.

Brown, C. L., Comunale, M., Wigdahl, B., & Hartmann, S. U. (2018). Current Climate for Digital Game-Based Learning of Science in Further and Higher Education. FEMS Microbiology Letters, CCCLXV(21). doi:10.1093/femsle/fny237

Butnaru, G. I., Nita, V., & Brînza, G. (2021). The Effectiveness of Online Education during Covid 19 Pandemic—A Comparative Analysis between the Perceptions of Academic Students and High School Students from Romania. Sustainability, 13(5311), 1-20. doi:10.3390/su13095311

Cabansag, M. G. (2014). Impact Statements on the K-12 Science Program in Enhanced Basic Education Curriculum in Provincial Schools. International Refereed Research Journal, V(2), 29-39.

Caganan, R. G., & Buenvinida, L. P. (2021). Lived Experiences of Senior High School Teachers on Distance Learning Delivery Modalities: A Basis for Curriculum Planning Model. International Journal of Management, Entrepreneurship, Social Science and Humanities, 4(2), 118-128. doi:10.31098/ijmesh.v4i2.668

Cahapay, M. B. (2020). Reshaping Assessment Practices in a Philippine Teacher Education Institution during the Coronavirus Disease 2019 Crisis. Pedagogical Research, V(4), 1-7. doi:10.29333/pr/8535

Cajimat , R. T., Errabo , D. R., Cascolan, H. S., & Prudente , M. S. (2020). Cause Analysis Utilizing e-Assessment on the Least Mastered Contents of K-12 Basic Education Curriculum. IC4E 2020: Proceedings of the 2020 11th International Conference on E-Education, E-Business, E-Management, and E-Learning, 199-203. doi:10.1145/3377571.3377585

Capangpangan, L. P. (2021). Perceived Readiness To Distance Learning And Digital Divide Among Selected Philippine Public Elementary Schools. Journal of Public Administration and Government, 144-153.

Ceberio, M., Almudi, J., & Franco, A. (2016). Design and Application of Interactive Simulations in Problem-Solving in University-Level Physics Education. Journal of Science Education and Technology, 590-609. doi:10.1007/s10956-016-9615-

Corbett, J., & Redding, S. (2017). Using Needs Assessments for School and District Improvement: A Tactical guide. Council of Chief State School Officers.

Correia, A.-P., Koehler, N., Thompson, A., & Phye, G. (2019). The application of PhET simulation to teach gas behavior on the submicroscopic level: secondary school students’ perceptions. Research in Science & Technological Education, XXXVII(2), 197-217. doi:10.1080/02635143.2018.1487834

Csaba, R., Damsa, A., & Kristóf, G. A. (2017). Gamification on the Edge of Educational Sciences and Pedagogical Methodologies. Journal of Applied Technical and Educational Sciences, VII(4), 79-88. doi:10.24368/jates.v7i4.12

Culala, H. D., & De Leon, J. V. (2019). Issues on Sustainability in Education: The Philippine Basic Education Curriculum Conundrum. Jurnal Kemanusiaan, XXVII(2), 35-45. Retrieved from

(2017). Curriculum Instruction Assessment & Grading Handbook. Hartford Union High School District. Retrieved January 12, 2021, from

Dangle, Y. P., & Sumaoang, J. D. (2020). Implementation of Modular Distance Learning in the Philippine Secondary Public Schools. 3rd International Conference on Advanced Research in Teaching and Education, 100-108.

Dayagbil, F. T., Palompon, D. R., Garcia, L. L., & Olvido, M. J. (2021). Teaching and Learning Continuity Amid and beyond the Pandemic. Frontiers in Education, VI, 1-12. doi:10.3389/feduc.2021.678692

De La Torre, J. D. (2019). Using Edmodo in Blended Learning: Its Benefits and Drawbacks. Asian Journal of Multidisciplinary Studies, II(1).

Delgado, T., Bhark, S.-J., & Donahue, J. (2020). Pandemic Teaching: Creating and teaching cell biology labs online during COVID-19. IUBMB Journal, 32-37. doi:10.1002/bmb.21482

Dellosa, R. (2014). Design and Evaluation of the Electronic Class Record for the Makiling National High School. IOSR Jounal of Engineering, IV(6), 20-28. doi:10.9790/3021-04622028

Delos Santos, J. T., Lim, R. R., & Rogayan Jr., D. V. (2021). Least Mastered Competencies in Biology: Basis for Instructional Intervention. Jurnal PendidikanBiologi Indonesia, VII(3), 208-221. doi:10.22219/jpbi.v7i3.17106

Deparment of Health. (2020, January 30). DOH Confirms First 2019-NCOV Case in the Country; Assures Public of Intensified Containment Measures. Retrieved from GOVPH:,She%20is%20currently%20asymptomatic.

Department of Education. (2022, February 2). On the expansion phase of limited face-to-face classes. Retrieved from GovPH:

DepEd. (2020). Guidelines on the Use of the Most Essential Learning Competencies (MELCs). Retrieved from DepEd Commons:

DepEd Official Statements. (2020, March 9). Statement on Suspension of Classes in NCR. Retrieved from Department of Education:

d'Orville, h. (2020). COVID-19 causes unprecedented educational disruption: Is there a road towards a new normal? Springer, 11-15. doi:10.1007/s11125-020-09475-0

DQC. (2020). Time to Act: Education Data Wrap-Up. Data Quality Campaign. Retrieved August 25, 2021, from

Dyrberg, N. R., Treusch, A. H., & Wiegand, C. (2016). Virtual laboratories in science education: students’ motivation and experiences in two tertiary biology courses. Journal of Biological Education, 1-7. doi:10.1080/00219266.2016.1257498

Elkhouly, M. M. (2021). Perceptions of Undergraduate Students, Lecturers, and Lab Assistants Towards the Use of Online Laboratory in Science Education During COVID-19 Pandemic. Qatar University. doi:10576/21201

Enriquez, M. S. (2014). Students’ Perceptions on the Effectiveness of the Use of Edmodo as a Supplementary Tool for Learning. DLSU Research Congress 2014, 1-6.

Escobedo, R. A., San Antonio, D. M., & Pascua, A. B. (2021). Joint Memo No. 002, s. 2021: Maximizing the Use of DepEd TV and Other Learning Delivery Modalities. Pasig City: Department of Education. Retrieved October 12, 2021

Estrellado, C. J. (2021). Transition to Post-Pandemic Education in the Philippines: Unfolding Insights. International Journal of Scientific and Research Publications, 11(12), 1-7. doi:10.29322/IJSRP.11.12.2021.p12074

Eveline, E., Jumadi, I., & Kuswanto, H. (2019). The Effect of Scaffolding Approach Assisted by PhET Simulation on Students’ Conceptual Understanding and Students’ Learning Independence in Physics. Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 1-12. doi:10.1088/1742-6596/1233/1/012036

Faizan, N., Löffler, A., Heininger, R., Utesch, M., & Krcmar, H. (2019). Classification of Evaluation Methods for the Effective Assessment of Simulation Games: Results from a Literature Review. International Journal of Engineering Pedagogy, 19-32. doi:10.3991/ijep.v9i1.9948

Faulconer, E., & Gruss, A. B. (2018). A Review to Weigh the Pros and Cons of Online, Remote, and Distance Science Laboratory Experiences. International Review of Research in Open and Distributed Learning, XIX(2). doi:10.19173/irrodl.v19i2.3386

Fontanos, N., Gonzales, J., Lucasan, K., & Ocampo, D. (2020, September). Revisiting Flexible Learning Options (FLOs) in Basic Education in the Philippines: Implication for Senior High School. UPCIDS Education Research Program, 1-37. Retrieved January 13, 2021, from

Frøland, T. H., Heldal, I., Sjøholt, G., & Ersvær, E. (n.d.). Games on Mobiles viaWeb or Virtual Reality Technologies: How to Support Learning for Biomedical Laboratory Science Education. Information, XI(195), 1-16. doi:10.3390/info11040195

Gay, L. R., Mills, G. E., & Airasan, P. (2012). Educational Research: Competencies for Analysis and Applications (10th ed.). Boston: Pearson Education, Inc.

Gehred, A. P. (2020). Canva. Journalof the Medical Library Asociation, 108(2), 338-340. doi:10.5195/jmla.2020.940

Go, A. C. (2021). K-to-12 curriculum review: What will be left for students to learn? Inquirer. Net. Retrieved November 5, 2021, from

Gonzales, C. (2020). Retrieved from DepEd: Guidelines for streamlined K to 12 curriculum now available online:

Haris, I., & Ancho, I. V. (2020). School Supervision Practice in Asean Countries: A Comparision Indonesia and the Philippines. Journal of Critical Reviews, VII(8), 2547-2554. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.08.439

Haryadi, R., & Pujiastuti, H. (2020). PhET simulation software-based learning to improve science process skills. Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 1-7. doi:10.1088/1742-6596/1521/2/022017

Hong, R. C., & Moloney, K. (2020). There Is No Return to Normal: Harnessing Chaos to Create Our New Assessment Future. National Institute for Learning Outcomes Assessment(49), 1-16.

Ignacio, A. E. (2021). Online Classes and Learning in the Philippines during the Covid-19 Pandemic. International Journal on Integrated Education, 1-6.

Insorio, A. O., & Macandog, D. M. (2022). Video Lessons via YouTube Channel as Mathematics Interventions in Modular Distance Learning. Contemporary Mathematics and Science Education, 1-9.

International Bureau of Education. (2021). Curriculum Guide. Retrieved from UNESCO-IBE:

Javier, B. S., & Dirain, E. L. (2018). EDMODO as Supplemental Tool to Blended Learning: The Case of Filipino University Students. International Journal of Science and Research, 352-357.

Jimenez, L. (2020). Student Assessment during COVID 19. Center for American Progress, 1-7.

Kalogiannakis, M., Papadakis, S., & Zourmpakis, A.-I. (2021). Gamification in Science Education. A Systematic Review of the Literature. Education Sciences, XXI(1), 1-36. doi:10.3390/educsci11010022

Karara, A. H., Nan, A., Golderg, B., & Shukla, R. (2021). Use of Science Lab Simulation During a Two-Week Virtual Biomedical Research Training Summer Camp for Underserved Minority Youth: A COVID-19 Adjustment. Journal of STEM Outreach, IV(2), 1-15. doi:10.15695/jstem/v4i2.06

Khairani, M., & Suyanto, S. (2018). Perception Teacher About Media Quipper School for Improve Learning Management. 13-18.

Kumar, D. (2019). A Practical Approach to Access and Use of Online Labotatory in Schooling Science Education. International Educational Applied Scientific Research Journal, IV(9).

Lamb , R. L. (2016). Examining of the Effects of Dimensionality on Cognitive Processing in Science: A Computational Modeling Experiement Comparing Online Laboratory Simulations and Serious Educational Games. Journal of Science Educational Technology, 1-15. doi: 10.1007/s10956-015-9587-z

Lansangan, R. V., & Gonzales, K. J. (2020). Science Teachers' Voices in the New Normal Teaching: A Phenomenological Study. International Multidisciplinary Research Journal, 124-132. doi:10.5281/zenodo.4062840

León, S. P., & Martínez, I. G. (2021). Impact of the Provision of PowerPoint Slides on Learning. Computer & Education. doi:10.1016/j.compedu.2021.104283

Libman, D., & Huang , L. (2013). Chemistry on the Go: Review of Chemistry Apps on Smartphones. XC(3), 320-325. doi:10.1021/ed300329e

Limjap, A. A., Santos, G. C., Lapinid, M. C., Roleda, L. S., & Anito Jr., J. C. (2017). Gearing K to 12 Philippine Science f or National Development and A SEAN Competitiveness. American Scientific Publishers, XXIII, 1068-1072. Retrieved October 12, 2020, from

Loganathan, P., Talib, C. A., Thoe, N., Aliyu, F., & Zawadski, R. (2019). Implementing Technology Infused Gamification in Science Classroom: A Systematic Review and Suggestions for Future Research. Learning Science and Mathematics: A Systematic review and Suggestions for Future Research Learn, 60-73.

Lok, W. F., & Hamzah, M. (2021). Student Experience of Using Mobile Devices for Learning Chemistry. International Journal of Evaluation and Research in Education, X(3), 893-900. doi:10.11591/ijere.v10i3.21420

Luistro, A. A. (2015). DepEd Memoradum No. 60, s. 2015. Pasig: Department of Education.

Luistro, A. A. (2015). DepEd Order No. 8, s. 2015: Policy Guidelines on Classroom Assessment for the K to 12 Basic Education Program. Pasig City: Department of Education.

Luna, F. (2022). DOH: Gov't still studying return to 'new normal' Alert Level 1 by March. Retrieved from

Mallari, R. L., & Lumanog, G. D. (2020). The Effectiveness of Integrating PhET Interactive Simulation-based Activities in Improving the Student’s Academic Performance in Science. International Journal for Research in Applied Science & Engineering Technology, VIII(9), 1150-1155. doi:10.22214/ijraset.2020.31708

(nd). Manual on Training Needs Assessment. Cambodia: Project on Improvement of Local Administration in Cambodia (PILAC). Retrieved January 12, 2021, from

Medialdea, S. C. (2020, March 16). Community Quaratine Over the Entire Luzon and Further Guidlines for the Management of the Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) Situation. Retrieved from Official Gazette:

Mizayanti, Halim, A., Safitri, R., & Nurfadilla, E. (2020). The development of multi representation practicum modules. Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 1-7. doi:10.1088/1742-6596/1460/1/012124

Mobo, F. D. (2021). The Impact of Google Education Suite Amidst the Pandemic: The New Normal Approach. ICONTECH International Journal of Surveys, Engineering, Technology. doi:10.46291/ICONTECHvol5iss1pp1

MoEYS. (2020). PTTC INSET Training Needs Assessment: Report of Findings. Cambodia: Kingdom of Cambodia: Minstry of Education, Youth and Sports.

Montebon, D. (2014). K12 Science Program in the Philippines: Student Perception on its Implementation. International Journal of Education and Research, II(12), 153-164. Retrieved March 9, 2021, from

Montebon, D. R. (2014, March). A Needs Assessment Survey on Teacher Readiness of Science Pre-Service Teachers: Towards a Contextualized Student Teaching Enhancement Program (STEP). International Journal of Learning, Teaching and Educational Research, X(3), 17-26. Retrieved October 5, 2020, from

Moralista, R. B., & Oducado, R. F. (2020). Faculty Perception toward Online Education in a State College in the Philippines during the Corona virus Disease 19 (COVID-19) Pandemic. Universal Journal of Educational Research, VIII(10), 4736-4742. doi:10.13189/ujer.2020.081044

Müssig, J., Clark, A., Hoermann, S., Loporcaro, G., Loporcaro, C., & Huber, T. (2020). Imparting Materials Science Knowledge in the Field of the Crystal Structure of Metals in Times of Online Teaching: A Novel Online Laboratory Teaching Concept with an Augmented Reality Application. Journal of Chemical Education, XCVII(9), 2643–2650. doi:10.1021/acs.jchemed.0c00763

Mustafa, M. B. (2015). One Size Does Not Fit All: Students’ Perceptions about Edmodo at Al Ain. Journal of Studies in Social Sciences, XIII(2), 135-160.

Nazar, M., Rusman, R., Putri, I., & Puspita, K. (2020). Developing an Android-Based Game for Chemistry Learners and Its Usability Assessment. XIV(15), 111-124. doi:10.3991/ijim.v14i15.14351

Office of Undersecretary of Administration. (2021). OUA Memo 00-1021-0051: Level up Synchronous Learning Through Classpoint (Maximizing the Use of PowerPoint). Pasig City: Department of Education.

Ogena, E. B., Yeban, F. I., Balagtas, M. U., Bedural, Z. L., Benoza, B. E., & Atienza, B. P. (2020). Education Imperative for the New Normal: Planning for Flexible Learning. Manila: Private Education Assistance Committee.

Ogeyik, M. C. (2016). The effectiveness of PowerPoint presentation and conventional. Innovations in Education and Teaching International, 1-8. doi:10.1080/14703297.2016.1250663

Olivarez, J. A., & Insorio, A. O. (2021). Utilizing Facebook and Messenger Groups as Platforms for Delivering Mathematics Interventions in Modular Distance Learning. International Journal of Professional Development, Learners and Learning, 1-11.

Operio, J. (2021). Intervening Effect of Hybrid Method in Enhancing Teachers’ Engagement and Satisfaction. Research Synergy Foundation, 20-29. doi:10.31098/bmss.v1i1.250

Osorio, J. M. (2021). An Interactive Pedagogical Assessment Tool Using Messenger Chatbot in Learning Delivery. EPRA International Journal of Research and Development, 6(7), 545-555. doi:10.36713/epra2016

Ozcan, H., Çetin, G., & Koştur, H. (2020). The Effect of PhET Simulation-based Instruction on 6th Grade Students’ Achievement Regarding the Concept of Greenhouse Gas. Science Education International, XXXI(4), 348-355. doi:10.33828/sei.v31.i4.3

Pascua, A. B. (2020, February 03). Aide Memoire: On the Suspension of Classes Due to COVID-19`. Retrieved from Department of Education:

Pasquale, S. J. (2015). Education Meets Simulation. Best Practice & Research Clinical Anaesthesiology, XXIX(1), 5-12. doi:10.1016/j.bpa.2015.02.003

Pastores, R. G., Dacanay, J. D., Mayoya, M. A., Nanglihan, M. V., & Bautista, R. G. (2021). All by Myself with Mr. Google: The Pandemic Education from the Lenses of Secondary School Students. Science and Education Publishing, 9(11), 660-663. doi:10.12691/education-9-11-1

Ping, G. Y., Lok, C., Yeat, T. W., Cherynn, T., & Tan, E. Q. (2017). "Are Chemistry Educational Apps Useful?" - a quantitative study with three in-house apps. Chemistry Educational Research and Practice, 15-23. doi:10.1039/C7RP00094D

Pitagan, F. B. (2021). Continuity of Education in the Philippines Amidst COVID-19 Pandemic. JAMCO Online International Symposium, 1-8.

Pizarro, J. B., & Bansig, I. C. (2021). Prospectus and Challenges of Ubiquitous Learning in Graduate Education in Northern Philippines. European Journal of Humanities and Educational Advancements, 199-202.

Polo, F. Z., Serrano, M. C., Martin, J. S., & Antúnez, L. E. (2019). Nonscientific University Students Training in General Science Using an Active-Learning Merged Pedagogy: Gamification in a Flipped Classroom. Education Sciences, IX(297), 1-18. doi:10.3390/educsci9040297

Prabowo, S. T., Hufad, A., Tarsidi, D., & Aprilia, I. (2019). Hybrid Learning for Education Inclusion. Advances in Social Science, Education and Humanities Research, 169-172.

Prima, E. C., Prima, T. D., & Sholihin, H. (2018). STEM learning on electricity using arduino-phet based experiment to improve 8th grade students’ STEM literacy. Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 1-6. doi:10.1088/1742-6596/1013/1/012030

Quipper Indonesia. (2018). History of Quipper. Retrieved from Youtube:

Ravyse, C. B., Lennox, A., & Jordaan, D. (2018). Lessons Learned from Gamification of a Learning Experience: A Case Study. South African Journal for Research in Sport, Physical Education and Recreation, XL(2), 23-40.

Rodriguez, J. (2018). Roger Williams University Partners with Google and Labster to Launch Virtual Reality Science Labs. The Week at Roger: Feature New Story, 1-3.

Rowe, R. J., Koban, L., Davidoff, A. J., & Thompson, K. H. (2017). Efficacy of Online Laboratory Science Courses. Journal of Formative Design in Learning, 1-12. doi:10.1007/s41686-017-0014-0

Rutten, N., & Van Joolingen, W. R. (2012). The Learning Effects of Computer Simulations in Science Education. Computer & Education, LVIII(1), 136-156. doi:10.1016/j.compedu.2011.07.017

San Antonio, D. M. (2020). Suggested Strategies in Implementing Distance Learning Delivery Modalities (DLDM) for School Year 2020-2021. Curriculum and Instruction Strand, Department of Education. Pasig City: Department of Education. Retrieved October 13, 2020, from

Saritepeci, M. (2020). Students’ and Parents’ Opinions on the Use of Digital Storytelling in Science Education. Technology, Knowledge and Learning, 193-213. doi:10.1007/s10758-020-09440-y

Sintawati, N., & Margunayasa, I. G. (2021). Interactive E-Module for Science Learning Content: Validity and Feasibility. International Journal of Elementary Education, V(1), 19-29. doi:10.23887/ijee.v5i1.34281

Smith, S. K., & Coleman, S. K. (2017). Using Labster to improve Bioscience student learning and engagement in practical classes. Heads of Biological Sciences, Royal Society of Biology. Spring 2017 Meeting, 1.

Sulisworo, D., Sulistyo, E. N., & Akhsan, R. N. (2017). The Motivation Impact of Open Educational Resources Utilization on Physics Learning Using Quipper School App. Turkish Online Journal of Distance Education, XVIII(4), 120-128. doi:10.17718/tojde.340399

Taneo, L. E., & Moleño, R. E. (2021). Students’ performance using Physics Education Technology (PhET) Interactive Simulation Strategy. Journal of Education & Social Policy, VIII(2), 52-55. doi:10.30845/jesp.v8n2p8

Todd, L. C., & Whitworth, B. A. (2021). Going Viral. National Science Teaching Association: Science Scope, XLIV(6), 1-10. Retrieved December 17, 2021, from

Toharudin, U., Fazriyah, N., Rahmiati, D., & Damaianti, L. F. (2019). Study on the Use of Edmodo in Learning Science. Advances in Social Science, Education and Humanities Research, 31-34. doi:10.2991/aes-18.2019.8

Trance, N. C., & Trance, L. L. (2019). Embracing the K-12 Curriculum: Accounts Philippine Teachers and Students. Journal of Physics, 1-9. doi:10.1088/1742-6596/1254/1/012031

Twizeyimana, E., Bihoyiki, T., & Maniraho, J. (2021). Overview on Teacher-Learner Insight into Computer- Assisted Teaching and Learning: Acceptance of PowerPoint Presentation for Enhancing Science Content Visualization. Journal of Global Research in Education and Social Science, XV(2), 14-22.

Ugwuanyi, C. S., Okeke, C. I., Nnamani, P. A., Obochi, E. C., & Obasi, C. C. (2020). Relative effect of animated and non-animated powerpoint presentations on physics students’ achievement. Cypriot Journal of Educational Sciences, XV(2), 282-291. doi:10.18844/cjes.v15i2.4647

Unay, O. D. (2019, June). Secondary School Teachers’ Training Needs Assessment in Mondragon Northern Samar: Basis for Extension Program of the College of Science University of Eastern Philippines. International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development, III(4), 339-342. Retrieved October 5, 2020, from

UNESCO, UNICEF, World Bank, & World Food Programme. (2020). Framework for Reopening Schools. 1-5.

Végh, V., Nagy, Z. B., Zsigmond, C., & Elbert, G. (2017). The Effects of Using Edmodo in Biology Education on Students' Attitudes Towards Bioogy and ICT. Problems of Education in the 21st Century, LXXV(5), 483-495.

Villanueva, E. J., Luistro, A. A., & Licuanan, P. B. (2013). Implementing Rules and Regulations of the Enhance Basic Education Act of 2013 (Republic Act No. 10533). Manila: Official Gazette.

Walag, A. P., Fajardo, M. M., Guimary, F. M., & Bacarrisas, P. (2020). Science Teachers' Self-Efficacy in Teaching Differen K to 12 Science Subjects: The Case of Cagayan de Oro City, Philippines. Science International, 587-592.

Walsh, H. F. (2017). Preparing Today’s Middle School Science Students for the Real World of Science Through Relevant and Inquiry-Based Activities. Bridgewater State University, 1-142.

Wardyaningrum, A. R., & Suyanto, S. (2019). Improving Students' Conceptual Understanding of Biology through Quipper School. Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 1233(1), 1-8. doi:10.1088/1742-6596/1233/1/012001

WHO. (2020, April 23). Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) Situation Report-94. Retrieved from World Health Organization:

Wibowo, W., & Astriawati, N. (2020). The effectiveness of using Edmodo based e-learning in the applied mechanics course. International Conference on Science Education and Technology, 1-7. doi:10.1088/1742-6596/1511/1/012121

Wijanayu, A., Hardyanto, W., & Isnaeni, W. (2018). Blended Learning Method Based on Quipper School to Improve Concepts Understanding and Independence Learning. Journal of Primary Education, VII(1), 88-95.

World Health Organization. (2020, March 11). WHO Director-General's Opening Remarks at the Media Briefing on COVID-19-11 March 2020. Retrieved from World Health Organization:

Yuliati, L., Riantoni, C., & Mufti , N. (2018). Problem Solving Skills on Direct Current Electricity through Inquiry-Based Learning with PhET Simulations. International Journal of Instruction, 123-138. Retrieved December 7, 2021, from

Yunzal, A. N., & Casinillo, L. F. (2020). Effect of Physics Education Technology (PhET) Simulations: Evidence from STEM Students’ Performance. Journal of Educational Research and Evaluation, IV(3), 221-226.

Yusuf, I., & Widyaningsih, S. (2019). HOTS profile of physics education students in STEM-based classes using PhET media. International Conference on Mathematics and Science Education, 1-6. doi:10.1088/1742-6596/1157/3/032021


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2022 Jurnal Pendidikan MIPA

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

View My Stats

Creative Commons License
The copyright is reserved to The Jurnal Pendidikan MIPA that is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.