A PISA Data 2018 Analysis: Do Parents’ Education and Students’ Learning Supports Affect Learning Achievement?

Krisma Haryuniati, Suranto Suranto


Abstract: A PISA Data 2018 Analysis: Do Parents’ Education and Students’ Learning Supports Affect Learning Achievement? Objectives: This study aims to determine the effect of parents’ education level and students’ learning supports on students’ academic achievement. Methods: A quantitative approach was applied carried out multiple linear regression analysis as the technique. The data was obtained from the Program International Student Assessment (PISA) in 2018. The sample size was 10.820 students from 397 schools in Indonesia. Findings: The results indicated: 1) fathers’ level of education has a significant effect on learning achievement; 2) mothers’ education level has a significant effect on learning achievement; 3) students’ learning supports at homes have a significant effect on learning achievement; 4) parents’ education level and students’ learning support significantly affect students’ learning achievement. Conclusion: Parents’ education level and students’ learning supports at home are the most essential factors on learning achievement because high education level of parents and satisfied learning supports enhance students’ learning achievement in Indonesia.

Keywords: parents’ education level, learning support, learning achievement


Abstrak: Analisis Data PISA 2018: Apakah Pendidikan Orang Tua dan Penunjang Pembelajaran Siswa Mempengaruhi Prestasi Belajar? Tujuan: Tujuan penelitian ini untuk mengetahui pengaruh tingkat pendidikan orang tua dan penunjang pembelajaran terhadap prestasi belajar siswa. Metode: Penelitian ini menggunakan pendekatan kuantitatif dengan teknik analisis regresi linier berganda. Data diperoleh dari Program Penilaian Siswa Internasional (PISA) pada tahun 2018. Jumlah sampel 10.820 siswa dari 397 sekolah di Indonesia. Temuan: Hasil penelitian menunjukan: 1) tingkat pendidikan ayah berpengaruh signifikan terhadap prestasi belajar siswa; 2) tingkat pendidikan ibu berpengaruh signifikan terhadap prestasi belajar siswa; 3) penunjang pembelajaran di rumah siswa berpengaruh signifikan terhadap prestasi belajar siswa; 4) tingkat pendidikan orang tua dan penunjang pembelajaran siswa berpengaruh signifikan terhadap prestasi belajar siswa. Kesimpulan: Tingkat pendidikan orang tua dan penunjang pembelajaran di rumah adalah faktor terpenting terhadap prestasi belajar siswa karena tingkat pendidikan orang tua yang tinggi dan penunjang pembelajaran yang lengkap dapat mendorong meningkatkan prestasi belajar siswa di Indonesia.

Kata kunci: tingkat pendidikan orang tua, penunjang pembelajaran, prestasi belajar

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.23960/jpp.v11.i3.202106

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