Philosophy as The Foundation of Science in The Development of Chemistry

Ahmad Tohir, Suyitno Muslim, Novi Ayu Safira


Abstract: Philosophy As The Foundation Of Science In The Development Of Chemistry. This article aims to present an explanation of philosophy as the basis of science in the development of chemistry. This article uses the literature review method. The library sources used in this article are journals and books on the development of chemistry. The results of the research show that (1) Philosophy serves as the basis from which philosophy is obtained the truth which becomes the basis or foundation of chemistry. By learning something related to chemistry through knowledge (philosophy) is a step to get true and objective knowledge about chemistry. (2) Chemists and scientists agree on the basis of the development of chemistry, namely to obtain answers to the what and why questions about matter in nature, each of which will produce facts and theoretical knowledge about matter whose truth can be explained by mathematical logic. Finally, (3) The study of chemistry in its development includes aspects of ontology, epistemology, and axiology. The ontology aspect includes the chemical concept of matter and matter. The epistemological aspect includes the understanding of chemistry that is obtained and developed based on experiments and theories. While the axiological aspect of chemistry includes the usefulness of values for human understanding so that humans will be better at the surrounding nature and use various natural processes that take place in it to meet the needs of human life.

 Keywords: Philosophy, Development of Chemistry

DOI: 10.23960/jppk.v10.i3.2021.19

Full Text:



Adib, M. (2010). Filsafat ilmu: ontologi, epistemologi, aksiologi, dan logika ilmu pengetahuan. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar.

Akinbobola, A. O. & Afolabi, F. (2010). Analysis of science process skills inwest African senior secondary school certificate physics practical examinations in Nigeria. American Eurasian Journal of Scientific Research, 5(4), 234-240.

Bakhtiar, A. (2012). Filsafat ilmu. Jakarta: PT Raja Grafindo Persada.

Borchert, D. M. (2006). Encyclopedia of philosophy vol. 2. Detroit: Thomson & Gale.

Brakel, J. V. (2014). Philosophy of science and philosophy of chemistry. International Journal for Philosophy of Chemistry, 20, 11-57

Caldin, E. F. (2002). The structure of chemistry in relation to the philosophy of science. International Journal for Philosophy of Chemistry, 8(2), 103-121.

Chang, R. (2005). Kimia dasar konsep-konsep inti edisi ketiga jilid 2. Jakarta: Erlangga.

Chiappetta, E. L., and Koballa, T. R. (2010). Science instruction in the middle and secondary schools (7th ed). New York:Pearson Education.

Cohen, A. (2018). Kant on science and normativity. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science, 1-7.

Djajadi, M. (2019). Filsafat sains. Yogyakarta: Arti Bumi Intaran.

Fadli, M. R. (2021). Hubungan filsafat dengan ilmu pengetahuan dan relevansinya di era revolusi industri 4.0 (Society 5.0). Jurnal Filsafat, 31 (1), 130–161.

Habibah, S. (2017). Implikasi filsafat ilmu terhadap perkembangan ilmu pengetahuan dan teknologi. Jurnal Studi Keagamaan, Pendidikan, dan Humaniora, 4(1), 166-180.

Hidayatullah, S. (2006). Relasi filsafat dan agama (perspektif Islam). Jurnal Filsafat, 40(2), 128-148.

Istikhomah, R. I., & Suharto, A. W. B. (2021). Filsafat sebagai landasan ilmu dalam pengembangan sains. Jurnal Filsafat Indonesia, 4(1).

Mufid, F. (2013). Perkembangan paradigma epistemologi dalam filsafat islam. Ulumuna Jurnal Studi Keislaman, 17(1), 19-40.

Shidiq, A. S. (2019). Filsafat sains: inferensi dan eksplanasi ilmiah pada awal perkembangan spektroskopi serapan atom. Jurnal Filsafat Indonesia, 2(1).

Sinensis, A. R. (2017). Sejarah dan filsafat sains sebagai pendekatan dalam pengajaran fisika pada konsep archimedes. Jurnal Inovasi Pendidikan Fisika dan Riset Ilmiah, 1(1), 23-28.

Suriasumantri, J. S. (2010). Filsafat ilmu sebuah pengantar populer. Jakarta: Pustaka Sinar Harapan.

Wattimena, R. A. A. (2007). Filsafat dan sains: sebuah pengantar. Jakarta: 2007.

Widyawati, S. (2013). Filsfat ilmu sebagai landasan pengembangan ilmu pendidikan. Jurnal Seni Budaya, 11(1).


  • There are currently no refbacks.