The Effect of Argumentation Skills and Problem Based Learning on Science Literacy of High School Students

Mawaddah Handayani, Khairuna Khairuna

Abstract


Abstract: Argumentation  is one of  the methods used to strengthen students scientific concepts, especially in biology learning. This quantitative study aims to determine the effect of argumentation skills on students scientific literacy and also to find out the improvement of students scientific literacy by using argumentation skills of class X IPA-1 MAS CIPTA students of Simpang Dolok village. The population in this study involved the entire class X IPA-1 MAS CIPTA Simpang Dolok village, the sampling in this study used a simple random sampling technique without a control class. The instruments in this study were Essay test questions with scoring that adapted from TAP (Toulmins Argumentation Petteren) for argumentation skills and essay tests for scientific literacy. The data was collected using a tabular sheet obtained from  the argumentation  Skill scores and the pretest and posttest scores for scientific literacy. As well as document documentation and photos. The data analysis technique uses the calculation of the N-gain score of scientific literacy due to the influence of Argumentation Skills, while the hypothesis testing uses a simple linear regression test and a paired simple t-test. The results of this study indicate that there is a positive and significant linear effect between argumentation skills on students scientific literacy and a significant increase in students scientific literacy using argumentation skills.

 

Keywords scientific literacy, problem based learning, argumentation skill.  

 

Abstrak Argumentasi merupakan salah satu cara yang digunakan untuk memantapkan konsep sains siswa terkhususnya pada pembelajaran biologi. Penelitian kuntitatif ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh Skill argumentasi terhadap literasi sains siswa dan juga mengetahui peningkatan literasi sains siswa dengan menggunakan Skill argumentasi siswa kelas X IPA-1 MAS CIPTA desa Simpang Dolok. Populasi pada penelitian ini melibatkan seluruh kelas X IPA-1 MAS CIPTA desaa Simpang Dolok, pengambilan sample pada penelitian ini menggunakan  teknik acak kelas (Simple Random sampling ) tanpa kelas kontrol. Instrumen pada penelitian ini adalah soal tes Essay dengan penyekoran yang mengadaptasi dari TAP (Toulmin’s Argumentation Petteren) untuk Skill argumentasi dan tes essay untuk literasi sains. Pengumpulan data dilakukan dengan menggunakan lembar berbentuk tabel yang diperoleh dari skor Skill argumentasi serta skor pretest dan posttest untuk literasi sains. Serta Dokumentasi dokumen dan foto. Teknik analisis data menggunakan perhitungan skor N-gain literasi sains  akibat pengaruh Skill Argumentasi, sedangkan pengujian hipotesis menggunakan uji regresi linear sederhana dan uji paired simple t-tes. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa terdapat pengaruh linear yang positif dan signifikan antara Skill argumentasii terhadap literasi sains siswa dan terjadi peningkatan yang signifikan dari literasi sains siswa menggunakan Skill argumentasi.

 

Kata kunci: literasi sains, pembelajaran berbasis masalah, keterampilan argumentasi.


DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.23960/jpmipa/v23i3.pp1286-1295


Full Text:

PDF

References


Abbas, Safia, and Hajime Sawamura. 2009. “Developing an Argument Learning Environment Using Agent-Based ITS (ALES).” EDM’09 - Educational Data Mining 2009: 2nd International Conference on Educational Data Mining: 200–209.

Anelli, Carol. 2011. “Scientific Literacy: What Is It, Are We Teaching It,and Does It Matter?” American Entomologist 57(4): 235–44.

Dani, Danielle. 2009. “Scientific Literacy and Purposes for Teaching Science: A Case Study of Lebanese Private School Teachers.” International Journal of Environmental and Science Education 4(3): 289–99.

Devi, Ninda Dwi Cahya, Elfi Susanti VH, and Nurma Yunita Indriyanti. 2018. “Analysis of High School Students’ Argumentation Ability in the Topic of Buffer Solution.” JKPK (Jurnal Kimia dan Pendidikan Kimia) 3(3): 141.

Dinata, Anita Nurlela, Yusuf Hilmi Adisendjaja, and Amprasto Amprasto. 2018. “Pengaruh Field Trip Terhadap Kemampuan Literasi Sains Dan Sikap Terhadap Sains Siswa SMA Pada Materi Ekosistem.” Assimilation: Indonesian Journal of Biology Education 1(1): 8–13.

Dinatha, Ngurah Mahendra, and Dek Ngurah Laba Laksana. 2017. “Kesulitan Belajar Siswa Dalam Mata Pelajaran IPA Terpadu.” Pendidikan Dasar Nusantara 2: 214–23.

Ekanara, Bambang, Yusuf Hilmi Adisendjaja, and Yanti Hamdiyati. 2018. “Hubungan Kemampuan Penalaran Dengan Keterampilan Argumentasi Siswa Pada Konsep Sistem Pencernaan Melalui Pbl (Problem Based Learning).” Biodidaktika, Jurnal Biologi Dan Pembelajarannya 13(2).

Fakhriyah, F. 2014. “Penerapan Problem Based Learning Dalam Upaya Mengembangkan Kemampuan Berpikir Kritis Mahasiswa.” Jurnal Pendidikan IPA Indonesia 3(1): 95–101.

Glaze, Amanda L. 2018. “Teaching and Learning Science in the 21st Century: Challenging Critical Assumptions in Post-Secondary Science.” Education Sciences 8(1): 1–8.

Gormally, Cara, Peggy Brickman, and Mary Lut. 2012. “Developing a Test of Scientific Literacy Skills (TOSLS): Measuring Undergraduates’ Evaluation of Scientific Information and Arguments.” CBE Life Sciences Education 11(4): 364–77.

Maros, Hikmah, and Sarah Juniar. 2016. “PENERAPAN PEMBELAJARAN KONTEKSTUAL UNTUK MENINGKATKN LITERASI SAINS DAN KUALITAS ARGUMENTASI SISWA PONDOK PESANTREN DAARUL ULUUM PUI MAJALENGKA PAADA DISKUSI SOSIOSAINTIFIK IPA.” 21(1): 1–23.

Mayis, Ondokuz, and Murat Genç. 2015. “Ondokuz Mayıs Üniversitesi Eğitim Fakültesi Dergisi The Effect of Scientific Studies on Students’ Scientific Literacy and Attitude.” Fak. Derg. / OMU J. Fac. Educ 34(1): 141–52. http://dergipark.ulakbim.gov.tr/omuefd.

Nofiana, Mufida, and Teguh Julianto. 2018. “Upaya Peningkatan Literasi Sains Siswa Melalui Pembelajaran Berbasis Keunggulan Lokal.” Biosfer : Jurnal Tadris Biologi 9(1): 24.

Segarra, Verónica A. et al. 2018. “Student Performance on the Test of Scientific Literacy Skills (TOSLS) Does Not Change with Assignment of a Low-Stakes Grade.” BMC Research Notes 11(1): 1–5. https://doi.org/10.1186/s13104-018-3545-9.

Sudarisman, Suciati. 2015. “Memahami Hakikat Dan Karakteristik Pembelajaran Biologi Dalam Upaya Menjawab Tantangan Abad 21 Serta Optimalisasi Implementasi Kurikulum 2013.” Florea : Jurnal Biologi dan Pembelajarannya 2(1): 29–35.

Sugiyono. 2012. Metode Penelitian Kuantitatif, Kualitatif, Dan R&D. Bandung: Alfabeta.

———. 2015. Metode Penelitian Kuantitatif Dan R&D. Cet.21. Bandung: Alfabeta.

Suharsimi Arikunto. 2019. Prosedur Penelitian Suatu Pendekatan Praktik. Jakarta: Rineka Cipta.

Sutrisna, Nana. 2021. “Analisis Kemampuan Literasi Sains Peserta Didik SMA Di Kota Sungai Penuh.” Jurnal Inovasi Penelitian 1(12): 2683.

Udompong, Lertporn, and Suwimon Wongwanich. 2014. “Diagnosis of the Scientific Literacy Characteristics of Primary Students.” Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences 116: 5091–96. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2014.01.1079.

Ulpa, Maria, Abdurrahman, and Ismu Wahyudi. 2014. “Perbandingan Hasil Belajar Fisika Ditinjau Dari Kemampuan Argumentasi Oral Dan Tertulis.” Jurnal Pembelajaran Fisika Universitas Lampung 2(3): 1–13.

Wulandari, Ria. 2017. “Berpikir Ilmiah Siswa Dalam Pembelajaran IPA Untuk Meningkatkan Literasi Sains.” SEJ (Science Education Journal) 1(1): 29–35.

Yordan­ka, S., M. Minevska, and S. Evtimova. 2010. “Scientific Literacy : Problems of Science Education in Bulgarian School.” Problems of Education in the 21st Century PROBLEMS O(mic): 113–18. http://www.scientiasocialis.lt/pec/files/pdf/vol19/113-118.Stefanova_Vol.19.pdf.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


##submission.copyrightStatement##

##submission.license.cc.by-sa4.footer##

View My Stats

Creative Commons License
The copyright is reserved to The Jurnal Pendidikan MIPA that is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.