Instruments in Identifying Representational Competence in Chemistry A Systematic Literature Review

Ima Rosyida, Sri Rahayu, I Wayan Dasna


Abstract This literature review research aims to determine the instrument test in identifying representational competence in chemistry. The identified abilities involve how students can use, interpret, translate, and connect multiple representations to improve representation competence. The method used in this present study is SLR method by using meta-analysis approach by comparing information in some research literature study from 2011-2021 in the ERIC database, google scholar, and SINTA. Based on the results of research on 7 reviewed articles, it showed that several open-ended questions (57.14 percent) and multiple-choice instruments (57.14 percent) are the most widely used instruments to identify students' representational competence. The findings of the research show that there are several instruments that are combined with other instruments to strengthen the analytical method in obtaining data and completing the shortcomings of other instruments. In addition, there are several instruments made by aspects to measure how far the students' representational competence are. The information obtained from the use of the instrument can be used to determine the development of students' abilities in understanding chemistry using representations.


Keywords representational competence in chemistry, instrument test, literature review.  


Abstrak Penelitian literature review ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui efektivitas instrumen tes dalam mengidentifikasi kemampuan representasi dalam kimia. Kemampuan yang diidentifikasi melibatkan bagaimana pebelajar mampu menggunakan, menafsirkan, menerjemahkan, dan menghubungkan beberapa representasi untuk meningkatkan kompetensi representasi, Metode yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini yaitu metode SLR menggunakan pendekatan metaanalisis dengan membandingkan informasi pada beberapa studi literatur penelitian dari tahun 2011 sampai 2021 yang terdapat pada database ERIC, google schoolar, dan SINTA. Berdasarkan hasil penelitian pada 7 artikel yang direview menunjukkan bahwa beberapa instrumen pertanyaan terbuka (57,14 persen) dan pilihan ganda (57,14 persen) merupakan instrumen yang paling banyak digunakan untuk mengidentifikasi kemampuan representasi pebelajar. Temuan hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa terdapat beberapa instrumen yang dikombinasikan dengan instrumen lain untuk memperkuat metode analisis dalam memperoleh data dan dapat melengkapi kekurangan dari instrumen lain. Selain itu, terdapat beberapa instrumen dibangun oleh aspek-aspek untuk mengukur seberapa jauh kemampuan representasi pada pelajar. Informasi yang diperoleh dari penggunaan instrumen dapat digunakan untuk mengetahui perkembangan kemampuan pebelajar dalam memahami kimia menggunakan representasi.


Kata kunci: kompetensi representasi kimia, instrumen tes, tinjauan literatur.


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