STUDENT SPEAKING PERFORMANCE IN DIALOGUE BY USING REALIA: AN ANALYSIS OF MEANING NEGOTIATION

Budi Kadaryanto, Dian Pratiwi

Abstract


The objectives of this research are to determine the types of negotiation of meaning, to investigatewhich components of negotiation of meaning, to find out the difficulties the students encounter, and to know the students' speaking performance. The subject of the research was XI Social 4 class of SMAN 1 Kalianda consisting of 37 students. The researcher used classroom observation, recording, and interview. The treatment was conducted in one time by using realia.The result of the research showed that all types in negotiation of meaning were used by the students in their conversation. The highest frequency was CCR occuring 15 times and the lowest was CCC occuring 1 time. The difficulties faced by the students were pronunciation, fluency, comprehensibility, vocabulary, and grammar. The students speaking performance's average score was at 60-69.

Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah menemukan jenis negosiasi makna, menyelidiki komponen apa saja dalam negosiasi makna, menemukan kesulitan siswa hadapi saat berbicara, serta mengetahui kinerja siswa saat berbicara. Subyek penelitian ini adalah kelas XI Sosial 4 SMAN 1 Kalianda yang terdiri dari 37 siswa. Peneliti menggunakan observasi kelas, rekaman, dan wawancara. Pengamatan ini dilakukan hanya dalam satu waktu dengan menggunakan realia. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa semua jenis dari negosiasi makna yang digunakan oleh siswa dalam percakapan mereka. Frekuensi tertinggi adalah CCR dalam 15 kali dan terendah adalah CCC dalam 1 kali. Kesulitan siswa dalam dialog adalah pengucapan, kelancaran, pemahaman, kosakata, dan tata bahasa. Nilai rata-rata berbicara siswa adalah pada 60-69.

Keywords: dialogue, negotiation of meaning, realia, speaking performance


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References


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