Problem-Based Learning and Project-Based Learning Integration in Online Learning to Enhance Students’ Critical and Creative Thinking Skills

Ida Bagus Nyoman Mantra, Nengah Dwi Handayani, Anak Agung Istri Yudhi Pramawati


Abstract: Effective online learning to develop students’ higher critical and creative thinking skills is highly important to be conducted in the classroom nowadays. Objectives: This study investigates the integration of problem-based learning and project-based learning implemented by the teachers in online learning to enhance students’ critical and creative thinking skills. Methods: Qualitative approach was used through conducting in-depth interviews with teachers and online classroom observation. Findings: This study revealed that problem-based learning and project-based learning were integrated into online learning to enhance students’ critical and creative thinking skills. Moreover, teachers used several learning platforms, such as Google Meet, Zoom, Google Classroom, and WhatsApp. Conclusions: Findings provide implications to enrich the body of knowledge relevant to the theories about effective learning models to develop students’ critical and creative thinking.

Keywords: online learning, problem-based learning, project-based learning, critical and creative thinking skill.

Abstrak: Pembelajaran online yang efektif untuk mengembangkan kemampuan berpikir kritis dan kreatif siswa yang lebih tinggi sangat penting dilakukan di kelas saat ini. Tujuan: Penelitian ini mengkaji integrasi pembelajaran berbasis masalah dan pembelajaran berbasis proyek yang diterapkan oleh guru dalam pembelajaran online untuk meningkatkan keterampilan berpikir kritis dan kreatif siswa. Metode: Pendekatan kualitatif digunakan melalui wawancara mendalam dengan guru dan observasi kelas online. Temuan: Studi ini mengungkapkan bahwa pembelajaran berbasis masalah dan pembelajaran berbasis proyek diintegrasikan ke dalam pembelajaran online untuk meningkatkan keterampilan berpikir kritis dan kreatif siswa. Selain itu, guru menggunakan beberapa platform pembelajaran, seperti Google Meet, Zoom, Google Classroom, dan WhatsApp. Kesimpulan: Temuan memberikan implikasi untuk memperkaya hazanah pengetahuan yang relevan dengan teori tentang model pembelajaran yang efektif untuk mengembangkan pemikiran kritis dan kreatif siswa.

Kata kunci: pembelajaran daring, pembelajaran berbasis masalah, pembelajaran berbasis proyek, keterampilan berpikir kritis dan kreatif.



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