How Do I Unlearn You? Towards Designing an Approach in Unlearning Negative Habits

Jose Miguel Cruz Jazmines, Inero Valbuena Ancho

Abstract


Abstract: How Do I Unlearn You?  Towards Designing an Approach in Unlearning Negative Habits. Objectives: The study intends to explore and understand the unlearning process, as grounded from the experiences of teachers and students of Edukasyon sa Pagpapakatao (Values Education in the Philippines) towards developing a new approach in teaching the aforementioned subject area. Methods: Interviews were conducted to 33 respondents from a private Catholic school, and transcripts were analyzed through the techniques of thematic analysis and grounded theory. Findings: The adolescents’ negative habits, as well as teachers’ facilitation practices generated substantial themes such as: (1) need for a strong sense of self; (2) difficulty of unlearning due to various “blocks”; (3) instruments to unlearn; and (4) role of teachers as empathic individuals. These codes then led to the final product of the study as E.L.S.A.’s approach to unlearn (Empowering the Self, Letting Go, Starting a New Life, and Action), which may be utilized as schools’ pedagogical framework in producing classroom-based materials in facilitating values formation.Conclusion: The idea of unlearning is not an experimental process or behavioral modification. It only explored the concept and process of unlearning, but did not necessarily aim to make unlearning take place on the psyche of the students.

Keywords: Unlearning negative habits, edukasyon sa pagpapakatao (values education), teaching approaches, adolescence, thematic analysis.

 

Abstrak: Bagaimana saya menghilangkannya? merancang suatu pendekatan dalam menghilangkan kebiasaan negatif. Tujuan: Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengeksplorasi dan memahami proses pembelajaran, yang didasarkan pada pengalaman para guru dan siswa Edukasyon sa Pagpapakatao (Pendidikan Nilai di Filipina) untuk mengembangkan pendekatan baru dalam mengajar bidang studi tersebut. Metode: Wawancara dilakukan kepada 33 responden dari Elizabeth Seton School, dan transkrip dianalisis melalui teknik analisis tematik dan grounded theory. Temuan: Kebiasaan negatif remaja, maupun tindakan-tindakan guru menghasilkan tema-tema substansial seperti: (1) kebutuhan akan perasaan diri yang kuat; (2) kesulitan untuk belajar karena berbagai "blok"; (3) instrumen untuk melepaskan; dan (4) peran guru sebagai individu yang empatik. Kode-kode ini kemudian mengarah ke produk akhir dari penelitian yaitu dihasilkannya pendekatan E.L.S.A (Empowering the Self, Letting Go, Starting a New Life, and Action), yang memungkinkan untuk digunakan sebagai kerangka pedagogis sekolah dalam memproduksi materi berbasis ruang kelas dalam memfasilitasi pembentukan nilai-nilai. Kesimpulan: Gagasan unlearning bukanlah proses eksperimental atau modifikasi perilaku. Itu hanya mengeksplorasi konsep dan proses unlearning, tetapi tidak selalu bertujuan untuk membuat unlearning terjadi pada jiwa siswa.

Kata kunci: Menghilangkan kebiasaaan negatif, pendidikan nilai, pendekatan pengajaran, remaja, analisis tematik.


DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.23960/jpp.v9.i2.201916


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