Improving students’ reading comprehension through question answer relationship (QAR) strategy at the first grade on SMAN 3 Kotabumi

Fitria Widia Astuti, Ujang Suparman, Hery Yufrizal


The aims of this research are to find out whether there is a significant difference of students’ reading comprehension at the first grade of SMAN 3 Kotabumi before and after the implementation of QAR strategy and to investigate which aspect of reading comprehension improves the most after the implementation of QAR strategy. This research was a quantitative research which used a one group pre-test and post-test design. This research was conducted on January 17th to February 21st 2020 in which the population was the first grade of SMAN 3 Kotabumi. The sample of this research was class X MIPA 4 which consisted of 30 students. The data was analyzed by using Repeated Measure T-Test in which the criteria of accepted hypothesis were p < 0.05, and t-value > t-table. The result of this research showed that there was a significant difference of students’ reading comprehension after the implementation of QAR strategy. It can be seen from the students’ mean scores of pre-test and post-test which improves from 63.44 to 71.22 in which the gain was 7.78. The statistical analysis also revealed that t-value was higher than t-table (19.341 > 2.04523) with the significant level of 0.000. Besides that, the researcher also finds that making inference the aspect of reading comprehension which improves the most and the lowest was understanding vocabulary. It can be concluded that QAR strategy can be applied to improve students’ reading comprehension ability and all aspects of reading comprehension can be integrated using QAR strategy.


Keywords: Question Answer Relationship (QAR), reading comprehension.


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