Modified Know, Want, How, Learn (KWHL) Strategy in Teaching Descriptive Writing to Junior High School Students

Resti Febtrina, Muhammad Sukirlan, Hery Yufrizal


Penelitian ini bertujuan i) untuk mengetahui perbedaan kemampuan menulis antara siswa yang diajar dengan strategi KWHL original dan strategi KWHL yang telah dimodifikasi, ii) untuk mengetahui aspect menulis yang paling berpengaruh dengan adanya modifikasi strategi KWHL, dan iii) untuk mengetahu persepsi siswa terhadap modifikasi strategi KWHL. Subjek penelitian ini adalah siswa kelas satu SMA Negeri 13 BandarLampung. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa  i)ada perbedaan yang signifikan secara statistik dalam kemampuan menulis antara siswa yang diajar dengan strateg iKWHL original dan strategi KWHL yang sudah dimodifikasi, ii) organization menjadi aspect menulis yang paling berpengaruh dengan adanya modifikasi dari strategi KWHL, dan iii) siswa memilik ipersepsi yang positif terhadap modifikasi strategi KWHL. Ini menunjukkan bahwa mofikasi strategi KWHL lebih efektif untuk meningkatkan kemampuan menulis siswa; siswa dapat mengorganisasikan ide mereka dengan baik setelah diajarkan menggunakan modifikasi strategi KWHL dan mereka memiliki respon yang baik terhadap strategi ini.

This study was aimed i) to find out whether there was a difference of students’ writing ability between students taught by using original KWHL strategy and the modified of KWHL strategy, ii) to find out which writing aspect affected the most by modifying KWHL strategy, and iii) to find out the students’ perception toward modified KWHL. The subjects of this research were the first grade students of SMAN 13 Bandar Lampung. The result showed that i) there was a statistically significant difference of students’ writing ability between students taught by using original KWHL and modified one, ii) the organization became the most affected writing aspect, and iii) students have positive perception toward modified KWHL.  It can be said that modified KWHL is more effective to increase the students’ writing ability; students can organize their idea well after being taught using modified KWHl, and they have positive respons toward this strategy.  

Keywords: Know, Want, How, Learn (KWHL), outlining, students’ perceptions, writing ability.

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