The Use of Clustering Technique in Improving Students' Ability in Writing Descriptive Text At the First Grade of SMAN 1 Sukau

Eti Septiani, Tuntun Sinaga, Flora Flora


Tujuan penelitian ini adalah melihat apakah kemampuan menulis siswa meningkat setelah mereka diajar menulis melalui teknik Clustering dan aspek manakah yang paling meningkat setelah mereka diajar dengan menggunakan teknik Clustering. Pendekatan penelitian ini adalah kuantitaif. Sasaran penelitian ini mencakup 30 siswa kelas X MIPA 1 di SMA Negeri 1 Sukau Tahun Akademik 2018/2019. Tes menulis yang mencakup pretest dan posttest digunakan sebagai alat untuk mengumpulkan data. Tes tersebut digunakan untuk melihat sejauh mana peningkatan kemampuan menulis siswa setelah diadakan perlakuan. Data yang diperoleh dianalisis menggunakan t-test dengan tingkat signifikan level p<0.05 menggunakan SPSS versi 17.00. Hasil penelitian menunjukan bahwa kemampuan menulis siswa meningkat secara signifikan setelah diajarkan menulis menggunakan teknik Clustering. Hasil ini menunjukan bahwa teknik Clustering dapat diterapkan untuk meningkatkan kemampuan siswa dalam menulis teks descriptive.

The objectives of this research were to find out whether students’ writing improved after being taught by using clustering technique and which aspects of writing improved the most after they have been taught by using clustering technique. The approach of the research was quantitative. The subjects of the research were 30 students of X MIPA 1 class at SMA Negeri 1 Sukau in academic year 2018/2019. The writing tests consisted of pretest and posttest to collect the data. The tests were given to see how far the students improve their descriptive writing ability after the treatment. The data were analyzed by using T-test with the significant level p<0.05 through SPSS 17.0. The result showed that there is a significant improvement of students’ writing ability after they had been taught by using clustering technique. This suggests that teaching writing by using clustering technique can be applicable to improve students’ ability in writing descriptive text.


Keywords: writing, descriptive text, clustering technique



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