Description of Mathematical Creative Thinking Ability of High School Students viewed from Metacognition Skills

Siti Uswatun Khasanah, Erni Widiyastuti

Abstract


Abstract: Mathematical creative thinking ability is one of the skills that must be mastered in the 21st century. This study aims to describe the mathematical creative thinking ability of high school students in terms of metacognitive skills. The subjects used were students of class XI MIPA 5 SMA Negeri 3 Purwokerto. The sampling technique used is purposive sampling. The data were obtained from the results of the metacognition skill questionnaire, creative thinking ability test and interviews. Questionnaire data was used to classify students into categories of high, medium and low metacognitive skills. Test and interview data are used to describe mathematical creative thinking skills. The results showed that, students who have high metacognitive skills are able to master all indicators of creative thinking skills: 1) fluency; 2) flexibility; 3) originality; 4) elaboration. Then students with moderate metacognitive skills are able to master 3 indicators of creative thinking skills: 1) fluency; 2) originality; 3) elaboration. Meanwhile, students with low metacognition skills are only able to fulfil 2 indicators, namely originality and elaboration.

 

Keywords: Mathematical creative thinking ability, metacognition skills, high school students.  

 

Abstrak: Kemampuan berpikir kreatif matematis merupakan salah satu keterampilan yang harus dikuasai di abad 21. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mendeskripsikan kemampuan berpikir kreatif matematis siswa SMA ditinjau dari keterampilan metakognitif. Subyek yang digunakan adalah siswa kelas XI MIPA 5 SMA Negeri 3 Purwokerto. Teknik pengambilan sampel yang digunakan adalah purposive sampling. Data diperoleh dari hasil angket keterampilan metakognisi, tes kemampuan berpikir kreatif dan wawancara. Data angket digunakan untuk mengelompokkan siswa ke dalam kategori keterampilan metakognitif tinggi, sedang dan rendah. Data tes dan wawancara digunakan untuk mendeskripsikan kemampuan berpikir kreatif matematis. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa, siswa yang memiliki keterampilan metakognitif tinggi mampu menguasai semua indikator keterampilan berpikir kreatif: 1) kelancaran; 2) fleksibilitas; 3) orisinalitas; 4) elaborasi. Kemudian siswa dengan keterampilan metakognitif sedang mampu menguasai 3 indikator keterampilan berpikir kreatif: 1) kefasihan; 2) orisinalitas; 3) elaborasi. Sedangkan siswa dengan kemampuan metakognisi rendah hanya mampu memenuhi 2 indikator yaitu originality dan elaboration.

 

Kata kunci: kemampuan berpikir kreatif matematis, keterampilan metakognitif, siswa SMA.

 

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.23960/jpmipa/v23i3.pp1093-1108


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References


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