A Cultural Portrait of “little c” Themes in an English Textbook Used by Indonesian Junior High School Students: A Content Analysis

Lintang Indah Ayu Respati Dewi

Abstract


In recent decades, cultural content analysis of EFL textbooks has received a wide attention in ELT pedagogy. This research aims at analyzing the cultural themes, especially “little c” and culture categories presented in an English textbook used by Junior High School students in Indonesia. This study was carried out using Xiao’s suggested themes for detecting “little c” that represent food, holiday, lifestyles, customs, values, hobbies, and gesture/body language. Besides, it also investigated the culture categories proposed by Cortazzi and Jin, namely source culture, target culture, and international culture. The result showed that the presentation of the source, target, and international culture are in an imbalance proportion. The textbook’s content mostly exposes target culture and source culture. Meanwhile, international culture was not exposed. Moreover, value and food dominated the cultural theme in the textbook. Meanwhile, lifestyle and customs are less exposed. Furthermore, three themes of “little c” (holiday, hobbies, and gestures) were not exposed at all. Due to the imbalance proportion of cultural content, the textbook developers should provide a more balanced proportion of cultural contents in terms of themes and categories to help learners gain more knowledge related to intercultural understanding.

Full Text:

PDF

References


Aliakbari, M. (2004). The place of culture in the Iranian ELT textbooks in high school level. The proceedings of the 9th Conference of Pan-Pacific Association of Applied Linguistics; Aug 2004 19-20; Seoul, Korea.

Ary, Donald, et al. (2010). Introduction to Research in Education (Eighth Edition). United States of Amerika: Wadsworth.

Bennet, J. M., M. J. Bennet, and W. Allen. (2003). Developing intercultural competence in the language classroom. In Yuen. K-M. The representation of foreign cultures in English textbook.ELT Journal, 65 (4), 458-466

Brody, J. (2003). A linguistic anthropological perspective on language and culture in the second language curriculum. In Yuen. K-M. The representation of foreign cultures in English textbook.ELT Journal, 65 (4), 458-466

Brown, H. D. (2000). Principles of language learning and teaching (5th ed.). New York: Pearson Education.

Cortazzi, M., & Jin, L. (1999). Cultural mirrors materials and methods in the EFL classroom. In E. Hinkel (Ed). Culture in second language teaching and learning. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Cunningsworth, A. (1995). Choosing your coursebook. London: Heinemann.

Dewi, K.C. (2016). Cultural contents in an English language teaching (ELT) textbook: a case of Indonesia. (M. A thesis). Sebelas Maret University, Solo: Indonesia.

Hinkel, E. (1999). Culture in second language teaching and learning. New York: Cambridge University Press.

Moran, P. (2001). Teaching Culture: Perspectives in practice. In Yuen. K-M. The representation of foreign cultures in English textbook.ELT Journal, 65 (4), 458-466

Lee, K-Y. (2009). Treating culture: what 11 high school EFL conversation textbooks in South Korea. English Teaching: Practice and Critique, 8, 76-96.

Liu, S. M., & Laohawiriyanon, C. (2013). ELT Textbooks in Asia: the imbalance of cultural representation. Proceedings of the 2012 International Conference “Cultural and Linguistic Diversity in Asean”, Thailand: Institute of Language, Art and Culture Suan Dusit Rajabhat University.

McKay, S., Lee. (2012). English as an international language: A time for change. In Lubna Alsagoff, [et al.] (Ed). Principles and practices for teaching English as an international language. New York and London: Routledge.

Sadeghi, K., & Sepahi, Z. (2018). Cultural content of three EFL textbooks: teachers’ and learners’ cultural preferences and cultural themes of textbooks. Pedagogies, 13(3), 222–245.

Xiao, J. (2010). Cultural content of an in-use EFL textbook and major students' attitudes and perceptions towards culture learning at Jiangxi University of Science and Technology, China, (Unpublished M.A thesis), Jiangxi University of Science and Technology, Jiangxi: China.

Yuen. K-M. (2011). The representation of foreign cultures in English textbook. ELT Journal, 65 (4), 458-466


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

View My Stats

Creative Commons License
The copyright is reserved to The AKSARA: Jurnal Bahasa dan Sastra that is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.