Shinta Mayasari


Understanding of the concept of androgyny and gender -free parenting should be developed by the candidate 's father as one of the important aspect of life for the children they will have in the future. Androgin integrating gender roles gender roles usually done by women (feminine ) or male ( masculine ). Androgin individuals will behave according to the situation rather than be limited by cultural rules about men or women so that more adaptive in a variety of social conditions ( Unger & Crawford , 2000). Therefore, research on the understanding of gender roles is necessary. This study uses incidental sampling technique, where as many as 34 subjects prospective father of the young adult age groups were asked to complete the MF Scale (Scale Masculine - Feminine) which has been adapted from the BSRI (Bem Sex Role Inventory) creation Bem (1974 ) for the category " girls " and " boy ". X2 test results indicate a difference in the perception of gender roles prospective father against son. Boys perceived masculine gender role while girls androgyn or feminine gender role. Parents should stimulate the development of insight knowledge of the child in a way to stimulate a more "rich" and diverse. Psychoeducation programs should focus on the importance of understanding personality types androgin for boys, while the scientific discussion on the topic of parenting and gender, including the implications of gender bias being applied in the development of adverse parenting girls and boys need to be frequently held.

Keywords : gender roles, perceptions, future father.

Full Text:



Bem, S.L. (1974). The Measurement of Psychological Androgyny. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 42, 155-162.

Bem, S.L. (1987). Probing The Promise of Androgyny. New Haven: Yale University Press.

Donelson, F.E. (1999). Women’s experience: A psychological perspective. Mountain View, California: Mayfield Publishing Company.

Duvall, E.M. & Miller, B.C. (1985). Marriage and family development. New York: McGraw Hill.

Fagot, B. I. & Leinbach, M. D. (1994). Gender role development in young children. Dalam Stevenson M. R. (Eds.), Gender roles: Through the life span (pp. 324). Muncie, Indiana: Ball State University.

Halpern, D.F. (1992). Sex differences in cognitive abilities. New Jersey: Lawrence Erlbaum Association.

Havighurst, R.J. (1995). Human Development and Education. New York: Longmans

Hurlock, E.B. (1983). Personality development. New Delhi: Tata McGraw-Hill Publishing Company Ltd.

Hurlock, E.B. (1991). Psikologi perkembangan: Suatu pendekatan sepanjang rentang kehidupan. Jakarta: Erlangga

Papalia, D. E., Olds, S.W., & Feldman, R.D. (2001). Human Development (8th ed.). New York: Mcgraw-Hill.

Poerwandari, E. K. (1997). Meneropong aspek internal psikologi dan pemampuan perempuan. Dalam Notosusanto, S. &

Poerwandari, E. K. (Eds.), Perempuan dan Pemberdayaan (pp. 343368). Jakarta: Program Studi Kajian Wanita Program Pascasarjana Universitas Indonesia, Harian Kompas & Penerbit Obor.

Ratih, A. (2002). Memperjuangkan perempuan dalam ruang perkawinan. Jurnal Perempuan: Memikirkan Perkawinan. XXII, 45-53.

Santrock, J.W. (1996). Child Development (7th ed.). Dubuque, IA: Times Mirror Higher Education Group, Inc.

Sarwono, S.W. (1999). Psikologi Sosial: Individu dan teori-teori psikologi sosial. Jakarta: Balai Pustaka.

Stevenson, M. R., Paludi, M. A., Black, K. A., & Whitley, B. E. (1994). Gender role: A multidisiplinary life-span perspective. Dalam Stevenson M. R. (Eds.), Gender roles: Through the life span (pp. xxxxi). Muncie, Indiana: Ball State University.

Strong, B. & De Vault, C. (1995). The marriage and family experience (6th ed.). Minneapolis/St. Paul: West Pub. Co.

Supardi, T.I. (1987). Perbedaan motif berprestasi antara siswa yang ibunya bekerja dan siswa yang ibunya tidak bekerja pada siswa-siswa kelas 1 SMAN 3 Yogyakarta. Jurnal Psikologi Indonesia No. 1. Jakarta.

Unger, R., & Crawford, M. (2000). Women and gender: A feminist psychology (3rd ed.). New York: Mc Graw Hill.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.